Doctors & patients are saying about ''...

" is a great web site for patients, that is unequaled by anything else out there."

Dr. Douglas L. Packer, MD, FHRS, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN

"Jill and I put you and your work in our prayers every night. What you do to help people through this [A-Fib] process is really incredible."

Jill and Steve Douglas, East Troy, WI 

“I really appreciate all the information on your website as it allows me to be a better informed patient and to know what questions to ask my EP. 

Faye Spencer, Boise, ID, April 2017

“I think your site has helped a lot of patients.”

Dr. Hugh G. Calkins, MD  Johns Hopkins,
Baltimore, MD

Doctors & patients are saying about 'Beat Your A-Fib'...

"If I had [your book] 10 years ago, it would have saved me 8 years of hell.”

Roy Salmon, Patient, A-Fib Free,
Adelaide, Australia

"This book is incredibly complete and easy-to-understand for anybody. I certainly recommend it for patients who want to know more about atrial fibrillation than what they will learn from doctors...."

Pierre Jaïs, M.D. Professor of Cardiology, Haut-Lévêque Hospital, Bordeaux, France

"Dear Steve, I saw a patient this morning with your book [in hand] and highlights throughout. She loves it and finds it very useful to help her in dealing with atrial fibrillation."

Dr. Wilber Su,
Cavanaugh Heart Center, 
Phoenix, AZ

"...masterful. You managed to combine an encyclopedic compilation of information with the simplicity of presentation that enhances the delivery of the information to the reader. This is not an easy thing to do, but you have been very, very successful at it."

Ira David Levin, heart patient, 
Rome, Italy

"Within the pages of Beat Your A-Fib, Dr. Steve Ryan, PhD, provides a comprehensive guide for persons seeking to find a cure for their Atrial Fibrillation."

Walter Kerwin, MD, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA

With a Stroke Risk Score of 1—Do You Really Need an Anticoagulate?

Background readings: The CHADS2 & CHA2DS-VASc Stroke-Risk Grading Systems, and my 2015 AF Symposium reports: Dr. Hugh Calkins’ remarks on the AHA/ACC/HRS A-Fib Treatment Guidelines, and Dr. Peter Kowey’ talk, All Anticoagulants Cause Bleeding;

Stroke Risk Grading System

Current European guidelines for assessing A-Fib stroke risk state that a patient with a CHA2DS2-VASc score of 1 (on a scale of 0 to 10, no risk to high risk) should be taking novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs). But a recent Swedish study contradicts this.

A Swedish National Patient Registry study looked at 140,420 patients with A-Fib who had “stroke events”. For women with a score of 1, annual stroke rates varied between 0.1% and 0.2% (depending on which “event” definition was used). For men, the stroke rate varied between 0.5% and 0.7%.

The researchers stated, “These low annual event rates call into question the need for or use of oral anticoagulant therapy in these low-risk patients.”

Similar insights were found in a study of the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan among 186,570 A-Fib patients not on antiplatelet or anticoagulant therapy. Researchers concluded that “not all risk factors in CHA2DS2-VASc score carry an equal risk.”

What this Means for A-Fib Patients

Taking an anticoagulant isn’t like taking vitamins. No one should be on anticoagulants unless they have an actual risk of stroke.
In the past, only a CHADS2 or CHA2DS2-VASc score of 2 or higher would indicate someone should be on a blood thinner such as warfarin. (Note: This single digit change creates an extremely large population of customers for the pharmaceutical companies and a quite lucrative business. Is this just a coincidence?)

While the U.S. guidelines are an improvement over the European guidelines, based on the Swedish and Taiwan studies, neither the U.S. nor European guidelines recognize that someone with a score of 1 probably shouldn’t be on anticoagulants at all.

All anticoagulants cause bleeding (that’s how they work.) So they are inherently dangerous. Why run the risk if you don’t need to?

Taking an anticoagulant isn’t like taking a daily vitamin. No one should be on anticoagulants as a precaution, there should be an actual risk of stroke.

The Decision: To Take an Anticoagulant or Not?

When you have atrial fibrillation, whether or not to be on an anticoagulant to reduce your risk of stroke (and which one to take) is perhaps the most difficult decision for you and your doctor. That decision should be based on actual risk factors and not on a “precautionary” approach.

Remember, this decision means taking medication as long as you still have A-Fib. For some patients that’s a lifetime.

References for this article
Friberg, L. et al. Benefit of Anticoagulation Unlikely in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and a CHA2DS2-VASc Score of 1. J AM Coll Cardiol. 2015;65(3):225-232. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2014.10.052. Chao TF, et al. Should atrial fibrillation patients with 1 additional risk factor of the CHA2DS2-VASc score (beyond sex) receive oral anticoagulation? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015 Feb 24;65(7):635-42. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2014.11.046. PubMed PMID: 25677422.

Related Posts

Follow Us
facebook - A-Fib.comtwitter - A-Fib.comlinkedin - A-Fib.compinterest - A-Fib.comYouTube: A-Fib Can be Cured! -

We Need You Help be self-supporting-Use our link to Amazon is a
501(c)(3) Nonprofit

Your support is needed. Every donation helps, even just $1.00. top rated by since 2014 

Home | The A-Fib Coach | Help Support | A-Fib News Archive | Tell Us What You think | Press Room | GuideStar Seal | HON certification | Disclosures | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy